Vitamin A

In: Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed®) [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; 2006.


Vitamin A (retinol) and provitamin A carotenoids are normal components of human milk.[1] Vitamin A in milk has antioxidant properties.[2] The recommend dietary intake in lactating women is 1300 mcg retinol daily, compared to 770 mcg daily during pregnancy. The recommended daily intake for infants aged 6 months or less is 400 mcg. Vitamin A deficiency is not uncommon, and maternal supplementation may be needed during lactation to achieve the recommended daily vitamin A intake. Maternal single doses up to 120,000 mcg (400,000 IU) or daily doses up to 1500 mcg (5,000 IU) are not expected to harm the breastfed infant. Higher maternal doses have not been studied. Daily maternal doses above 3,000 mcg (10,000 IU) should be avoided.[3]

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