Hereditary alpha tryptasemia is an autosomal dominant genetic trait caused by increased germline copies of TPSAB1 encoding alpha-tryptase. Individuals with this trait have elevated basal serum tryptase, and may present with associated multisystem complaints. Both basal serum tryptase levels and severity of clinical symptoms display a gene-dose relationship with TPSAB1, whereby higher tryptase levels and greater symptom severity are correlated with increasing numbers of alpha-encoding TPSAB1. As the functional effects of increased basal serum tryptase and/or altered tryptase gene expression are elucidated, greater insights will be gained into the symptoms associated with hereditary alpha tryptasemia and their potential therapy.
Keywords: Autosomal dominant; Genotyping; Hypertryptasemia; Mast cell activation.
Published by Elsevier Inc.