Neurologic Emergencies in Pediatric Patients Including Accidental and Nonaccidental Trauma

Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2018 Aug;28(3):453-470. doi: 10.1016/j.nic.2018.03.007.


This article summarizes common neurologic emergencies presenting in pediatric patients. Imaging techniques and appearances of specific conditions are detailed, including pearls and pitfalls for each presentation. Specific attention is given to differential diagnoses that can serve as mimickers of pediatric neurologic emergencies.

Keywords: Accidental injury; Arterial stroke; Calvarial fractures; Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis; Encephalitis; Meningitis; Nonaccidental injury; Subdural empyema.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Accidents
  • Adolescent
  • Brain Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Brain Diseases / etiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / etiology
  • Emergencies
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neuroimaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed