Delayed Graft Function: The AKI of Kidney Transplantation

Nephron. 2018;140(2):94-98. doi: 10.1159/000491558. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Abstract

With the growing wait list of individuals waiting for kidney transplantation, there has been renewed interest in the quality and function of donor organs. In particular, concern about the development of delayed allograft function (DGF) after transplantation continues to lead to the avoidance of donor organs offered to a transplant center. DGF is associated with worse short-and long-term outcomes and associated with higher rejection rates. There are no FDA-approved therapies to mitigate the ischemic injury that occurs. Risk factors include both donor and recipient characteristics, although their prediction is not precise. With new understanding about mechanisms of injury and new focus on the function of the deceased donor, there is opportunity to identify not only novel therapies to improve allograft function but to identify potential biomarkers of DGF. DGF remains a significant factor in impacting kidney transplant outcome, and finding biomarkers will assist in the development and approval of novel agents to ameliorate early and later injury. This mini-review highlights our presentation at the 23rd International Conference on Advances in Critical Care Nephrology and UAB/UCSD O'Brien Center Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) Pre-Meeting.

Keywords: Acute renal injury; Allograft; Chemokine; Outcomes; Transplantation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury / etiology*
  • Acute Kidney Injury / physiopathology*
  • Acute Kidney Injury / prevention & control
  • Delayed Graft Function / physiopathology*
  • Delayed Graft Function / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Transplantation*
  • Treatment Outcome