Regenerative medicine in the context of musculoskeletal injury is a broad term that offers potential therapeutic solutions to restore or repair damaged tissue. The current focus in recent literature and clinical practice has been on cell based therapy. In particular, much attention has been centered on autologous bone marrow concentrate and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for cartilage and tendon disorders. This article provides an overview of MSC-derived therapy and offers a comprehensive review of adipose- and bone marrow-derived MSC therapy in primary knee osteoarthritis. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.
© 2018 American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.