Ruxolitinib in elderly patients with myelofibrosis: impact of age and genotype. A multicentre study on 291 elderly patients

Br J Haematol. 2018 Oct;183(1):35-46. doi: 10.1111/bjh.15497. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Abstract

Ruxolitinib is a JAK1/2 inhibitor that may control myelofibrosis (MF)-related splenomegaly and symptoms and can be prescribed regardless of age. While aging is known to correlate with worse prognosis, no specific analysis is available to confirm that ruxolitinib is suitable for use in older populations. A clinical database was created in 23 European Haematology Centres and retrospective data on 291 MF patients treated with ruxolitinib when aged ≥65 years were analysed in order to assess the impact of age and molecular genotype on responses, toxicities and survival. Additional mutations were evaluated by a next generation sequencing (NGS) approach in 69 patients with available peripheral blood samples at the start of ruxolitinib treatment. Compared to older (age 65-74 years) patients, elderly (≥75 years) showed comparable responses to ruxolitinib, but higher rates of drug-induced anaemia and thrombocytopenia and worse survival. Nonetheless, the ruxolitinib discontinuation rate was comparable in the two age groups. Number and types of molecular abnormalities were comparable across age groups. However, the presence of high molecular risk (HMR) mutations significantly affected survival, counterbalancing the effect of aging. Indeed, elderly patients with <2 HMR mutated genes had a comparable survival to older patients with ≥2 HMR mutations. Given that responses were not influenced by age, older age per se should not be a limitation for ruxolitinib administration. NGS analysis of HMR mutations also confirmed a strong predictive value in elderly patients.

Keywords: elderly; high molecular risk; high molecular risk mutations; myelofibrosis; ruxolitinib.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors*
  • Aged
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Janus Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Mutation
  • Primary Myelofibrosis / drug therapy*
  • Primary Myelofibrosis / genetics
  • Primary Myelofibrosis / mortality
  • Pyrazoles / therapeutic use*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Analysis
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • INCB018424
  • Pyrazoles
  • Janus Kinases