We examined the antiviral activity of the integrase inhibitor (INI) cabotegravir against HIV-2 isolates from INI-naive individuals. HIV-2 was sensitive to cabotegravir in single-cycle and spreading-infection assays, with 50% effective concentrations (EC50s) in the low to subnanomolar range; comparable results were obtained for HIV-1 in both assay formats. Our findings suggest that cabotegravir should be evaluated in clinical trials as a potential option for antiretroviral therapy and preexposure prophylaxis in HIV-2-prevalent settings.
Keywords: HIV-2; PrEP; West Africa; antiretroviral therapy; cabotegravir; human immunodeficiency virus; treatment.
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