Urban foodscape trends: Disparities in healthy food access in Chicago, 2007-2014

Health Place. 2018 Jul;52:231-239. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.06.003. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Abstract

We investigated changes in supermarket access in Chicago between 2007 and 2014, spanning The Great Recession, which we hypothesized worsened local food inequity. We mapped the average street network distance to the nearest supermarket across census tracts in 2007, 2011, and 2014, and identified spatial clusters of persistently low, high or changing access over time. Although the total number of supermarkets increased city-wide, extremely low food access areas in segregated, low income regions did not benefit. Among black and socioeconomically disadvantaged residents of Chicago, access to healthy food is persistently poor and worsened in some areas following recent economic shocks.

Keywords: Chicago; Food access; Great recession; Health inequities; Racial disparities; Spatial analysis.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Censuses
  • Chicago
  • Cities
  • Commerce
  • Ethnic Groups / statistics & numerical data*
  • Food Supply / statistics & numerical data*
  • Geographic Information Systems
  • Humans
  • Poverty
  • Poverty Areas*
  • Residence Characteristics*