Objective: The objective of our study was to investigate the diagnostic performance of prebiopsy biparametric MRI (bpMRI) and prostate-specific antigen density (PSAD) for Gleason score (GS) 7 or greater prostate cancer (PCa).
Materials and methods: Sixty-eight consecutive patients who underwent prebiopsy bpMRI and biopsy were included. Pathologic results of systemic and targeted biopsies were the reference standard. Qualitative analyses comprised Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADSv2) and modified PI-RADSv2 (mPI-RADSv2). Quantitative analyses comprised mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of tumor, 10th percentile ADC of tumor, mean ADC ratio (ADCR) between benign tissues and PCa, and 10th percentile ADCR between benign tissues and PCa. The AUCs of the following combined models for GS 7 or greater PCa were investigated: model 1, PSAD and PI-RADSv2; model 2, PSAD and mPI-RADSv2; model 3, PSAD and mean ADC; model 4, PSAD and 10th percentile ADC; model 5, PSAD and mean ADCR; and model 6, PSAD and 10th percentile ADCR.
Results: The rate of GS 7 or greater PCa was 45.6% (31/68). AUCs of bpMRI parameters were 0.816 for PI-RADSv2, 0.838 for mPI-RADSv2, 0.820 for mean ADC, 0.823 for 10th percentile ADC, 0.780 for mean ADCR, and 0.763 for 10th percentile ADCR (p > 0.05 in all comparisons), whereas AUCs of prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based parameters were 0.650 for PSA and 0.745 for PSAD (PSA vs PSAD, p = 0.017). AUCs of the combined models from 1 to 6 were 0.860, 0.880, 0.837, 0.844, 0.811, and 0.806, respectively, for biopsy GS 7 or greater PCa (p > 0.05 in all comparisons).
Conclusion: Combined analysis of prebiopsy bpMRI and PSAD is useful for identifying GS 7 or greater PCa.
Keywords: MRI; biparametric; clinically significant; prostate cancer; prostate-specific antigen.