Sirtuins are a family of evolutionary conserved enzymes that dynamically regulate cellular physiology. Mammals have 7 sirtuins, which are located in different cellular compartments. Sirt5, a sirtuin isoform located in multiple subcellular sites, is involved in regulating a diverse range of cellular and metabolic processes through the removal of a range of acyl-lysine modifications on target proteins. Loss of Sirt5 leads to hyper-malonylation and hyper-succinylation of both mitochondrial and extra-mitochondrial proteins, influencing oxidative phosphorylation, the TCA cycle and glycolysis. However despite these findings, the effect of Sirt5 overexpression on metabolism remains poorly investigated. Here we report that overexpression of Sirt5 has minimal effect on mitochondrial metabolism and overall physiology in mice, despite inducing widespread decreases in protein acylation. Our data confirms the role of Sirt5 as an important demalonylase and desuccinylase enzyme in vivo, but questions the relevance of physiological changes in protein acylation levels in the regulation of cellular metabolism.
Keywords: Energy metabolism; Mitochondria; Post-translational modification; Sirtuin.
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