Background and aims: The role of lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] in coronary artery diseases (CAD) with special clinical background such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has not been fully determined. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation of Lp(a) to type 2 diabetic patients with or without CAD.
Methods and results: A total of 2040 consecutive patients with T2DM who received selective coronary angiography (CAG) due to angina-like chest pain were enrolled. The patients were subsequently divided into CAD and non-CAD groups according to the results of CAG. The severity of CAD was evaluated by the Gensini Score (GS), number of stenotic vessels, and history of myocardial infarction (MI). Data showed that Lp(a) levels were higher in the CAD group than in the non-CAD group (median: 15.00 mg/dL vs. 11.88 mg/dL, P = 0.025). The results from CAD subgroup analysis indicated that the patients with MI, multiple-vessel disease and high GS had higher Lp(a) levels compared with those in their matched subgroups (P < 0.05, respectively). After adjustment for confounders, Lp(a) levels were independently related to the presence and severity of CAD (CAD:OR = 1.564; MI:OR = 1.523; high GS:OR = 1.388; multiple-vessel disease:OR = 1.455; P < 0.05, respectively).
Conclusion: Elevated Lp(a) levels were independently associated with the presence and severity of CAD in patients with T2DM. More studies are necessary to confirm our findings.
Keywords: Coronary artery disease; Lipoprotein (a); Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Copyright © 2018 The Italian Society of Diabetology, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition, and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.