Intergenerational Interventions for People Living with HIV and Their Families: A Systematic Review

AIDS Behav. 2019 Jan;23(1):21-36. doi: 10.1007/s10461-018-2223-1.

Abstract

A variety of interventions have been tested targeting people living with HIV (PLH) and their relationships with their children. The purpose of this study was to synthesize evidence on the goals, types, scope, and outcomes of such intergenerational interventions for PLH. Randomized trials targeting PLH alone or together with their children, published in English, with an intergenerational intervention component were included in this review. Thirteen studies met eligibility criteria. The types and goals of interventions varied greatly but often involved educational sessions with groups of PLH, skill-building sessions, or parental disclosure of HIV status among mothers living with HIV; six studies targeted problem behaviors, resilience, and self-esteem among their children. Two studies addressed general family coping with HIV. Seven studies reported positive outcomes as a result of an intergenerational intervention, with the greatest improvements being observed in those participants with the most stress. Most studies failed to report specific intervention methodology. Due to gaps in the literature noted, future intergenerational interventions targeting PLH should include more diverse groups of PLH. Studies should also explore the impact of intergenerational-based interventions on the mental health of PLH and their families.

Keywords: HIV; Intergenerational; Intervention; Parent/child; Systematic review.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Child of Impaired Parents*
  • Family
  • HIV Infections*
  • Humans
  • Mental Health
  • Mothers
  • Parent-Child Relations*
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Problem Behavior
  • Resilience, Psychological
  • Self Concept
  • Self Disclosure