Incidence of nausea and vomiting after intragastric balloon placement in bariatric patients - A systematic review and meta-analysis

Int J Surg. 2018 Sep:57:22-29. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2018.06.038. Epub 2018 Jul 20.


Objectives: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to examine the rates of nausea and vomiting along with other common side effects reported from different subtypes of intragastric balloons (IGBs) placed in obese adults.

Methods: The online databases of Pubmed, Cochrane Database, and Web of Science were searched to include studies conducted from 09/31/2012 to 09/31/2017 in English using keywords to identify articles relevant to this study. Two independent reviewers performed a full text review to ensure quality of studies and report rates of primary end point of interest: nausea and vomiting post IGB placement.

Results: Ten studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The treatment group's sample size comprised of 688 patients and adverse events' sample size comprised of 938 patients. We evaluated rates of nausea and vomiting of four subtypes of IGB systems: Elipse, Obalon, ORBERA, and ReShape and calculated meta-analytic rates based on adverse events' sample size. Total 564 patients reported experiencing nausea which provided a meta-analytic rate of 63.33% (95% CI 61.49%-65.16%), and 507 patients reported experiencing vomiting which resulted in a meta-analytic rate of 55.29% (95% CI 53.59%-56.99%). The ORBERA balloon system had the highest rates of nausea and vomiting compared to other balloon systems.

Conclusions: Based on the findings from previous studies scrutinizing side effects of different types of IGB offered on the market, it has been concluded that nausea and vomiting are very common side effects post gastric balloon placement.

Keywords: Abdominal pain; Adverse events; Dyspepsia; Endoscopic bariatric therapy; Gastric balloon; Intragastric balloon; Intragastric balloons; Morbid obesity; Nausea; Vomiting.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Gastric Balloon / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nausea / epidemiology*
  • Nausea / etiology
  • Obesity / therapy*
  • Vomiting / epidemiology*
  • Vomiting / etiology
  • Young Adult