Accuracy of using natural language processing methods for identifying healthcare-associated infections

Int J Med Inform. 2018 Sep;117:96-102. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2018.06.002. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Abstract

Objective: There is a growing interest in using natural language processing (NLP) for healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) monitoring. A French project consortium, SYNODOS, developed a NLP solution for detecting medical events in electronic medical records for epidemiological purposes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the SYNODOS data processing chain for detecting HAIs in clinical documents.

Materials and methods: The collection of textual records in these hospitals was carried out between October 2009 and December 2010 in three French University hospitals (Lyon, Rouen and Nice). The following medical specialties were included in the study: digestive surgery, neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, adult intensive-care units. Reference Standard surveillance was compared with the results of automatic detection using NLP. Sensitivity on 56 HAI cases and specificity on 57 non-HAI cases were calculated.

Results: The accuracy rate was 84% (n = 95/113). The overall sensitivity of automatic detection of HAIs was 83.9% (CI 95%: 71.7-92.4) and the specificity was 84.2% (CI 95%: 72.1-92.5). The sensitivity varies from one specialty to the other, from 69.2% (CI 95%: 38.6-90.9) for intensive care to 93.3% (CI 95%: 68.1-99.8) for orthopedic surgery. The manual review of classification errors showed that the most frequent cause was an inaccurate temporal labeling of medical events, which is an important factor for HAI detection.

Conclusion: This study confirmed the feasibility of using NLP for the HAI detection in hospital facilities. Automatic HAI detection algorithms could offer better surveillance standardization for hospital comparisons.

Keywords: Decision support systems, Clinical; Epidemiology; Healthcare-associated infections; Medical records systems, computerized; Natural language processing.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Algorithms
  • Cross Infection / diagnosis*
  • Electronic Health Records*
  • Hospitals, University
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units
  • Natural Language Processing*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity