The top issue in tissue engineering is how to obtain more seed cells quickly and to preserve their characteristic morphology during in vitro expansion culture of cells. Microcarriers can help to amplify cell numbers and maintain the appropriate phenotype for tissue repair and restoration of function. In addition, microtissue with cell microcarriers can be used to repair diseased tissues or organs. This review introduces the materials used for, and classification of, microcarriers and the improvements in, and potential applications of, microtissues with cell microcarriers in tissue engineering.
Keywords: cell; improvement; microcarrier; microtissue; tissue engineering.