The relationship between resilience and empowering leader behaviour of nurse managers in the mining healthcare sector

Curationis. 2018 Jun 28;41(1):e1-e10. doi: 10.4102/curationis.v41i1.1775.


Background: The South African mining healthcare sector faces injuries, illnesses including HIV and AIDS and high staff turnover rates. In this sector, nurse managers should create an optimal environment for providing nursing care by motivating, influencing and empowering nurses.

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between nurse managers' resilience and empowering leader behaviour in this sector.

Method: The study employed a quantitative, descriptive and correlational design. The research population comprised 31 nurse managers, 101 professional nurses, 79 enrolled nurses and 79 enrolled nursing auxiliaries who participated in the study. Two questionnaires were used as data collection methods, namely Wagnild and Young's Resilience Scale Questionnaire to investigate the resilience of nurse managers and the Empowering Leadership Questionnaire to measure empowering leader behaviour of the nurses supervised by a particular nurse manager.

Results: Out of 31 nurse managers, 8 had a low level, 19 had a moderate level and 4 had a high level of resilience. According to Hoteling's t-test the nurse managers in the low resilience group displayed lower empowering leader behaviour as perceived by their team members than those in the high resilience group in terms of the five factors included in the Empowerment Leadership Questionnaire.

Conclusion: Respondents with high resilience scores tended to have higher leader empowering behaviour.Recommendations include the strengthening of nurse managers' resilience through workshops and reflection practices, debriefing and performance feedback sessions.

Keywords: Empowering leader behaviour; enrolled nurses; enrolled nursing auxiliaries; leadership style; mining healthcare sector in South Africa; nurse managers; professional nurse; resilience of nurse managers.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Health Care Sector
  • Humans
  • Leadership*
  • Middle Aged
  • Mining*
  • Nurse Administrators / psychology*
  • Occupational Health Nursing*
  • Power, Psychological*
  • Resilience, Psychological*
  • South Africa
  • Surveys and Questionnaires