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, 21 (9), 858-865

The Probiotic, ID-JPL934, Attenuates Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Colitis in Mice Through Inhibition of Proinflammatory Cytokines Expression

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The Probiotic, ID-JPL934, Attenuates Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Colitis in Mice Through Inhibition of Proinflammatory Cytokines Expression

In-Gyu Je et al. J Med Food.

Abstract

Despite the increasing prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), classified as immune-mediated disorders, the exact biological mechanisms leading to its development are undetermined, and treatment strategies remain elusive. Probiotics have been proposed as potential alternatives for treating IBD. The purpose of this research was to find therapeutic candidates of probiotics for colitis. We adopted dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis model to demonstrate the therapeutic effects of ID-JPL934, a mixture of three live bacterial strains at a 1:1:1 ratio: Lactobacillus johnsonii IDCC9203, Lactobacillus plantarum IDCC3501, and Bifidobacterium animalis subspecies lactis IDCC4301, on IBD. The severity was scored according to the disease activity index (DAI) for colitis by observing body weight (BW) and stool status of each mouse once a day. BALB/c mice given 3.5% DSS in drinking water suffered from symptoms of colitis such as weight loss, diarrhea, and bloody excrement. In our study, administration of ID-JPL934 reduced the DAI scores in a dose-dependent manner, and treatments with ID-JPL934 108 and 109 colony-forming unit per mouse per day showed similar inhibition compared with those of sulfasalazine 500 mg per kg BW per day. Moreover, the contraction of colon length improved. ID-JPL934 also suppressed inflammatory lesions such as infiltration of immune cells in mucosa and submucosa, severe crypt damage, and loss of goblet and epithelial cells on the histological analysis. These results might be due to downregulation of the expression of proinflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6. From these results, ID-JPL934 might be an effective therapeutic candidate for IBD.

Keywords: ID-JPL934; colitis; inflammation; probiotics; proinflammatory cytokines.

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