From Host to Phage Metabolism: Hot Tales of Phage T4's Takeover of E. coli

Viruses. 2018 Jul 21;10(7):387. doi: 10.3390/v10070387.


The mechanisms by which bacteriophage T4 converts the metabolism of its E. coli host to one dedicated to progeny phage production was the subject of decades of intense research in many labs from the 1950s through the 1980s. Presently, a wide range of phages are starting to be used therapeutically and in many other applications, and also the range of phage sequence data available is skyrocketing. It is thus important to re-explore the extensive available data about the intricacies of the T4 infection process as summarized here, expand it to looking much more broadly at other genera of phages, and explore phage infections using newly-available modern techniques and a range of appropriate environmental conditions.

Keywords: 2-D polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; NEPHGE-SDS PAGE; Tevenvirinae; bacteriophage; genomic map; radiolabeling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bacteriophage T4 / pathogenicity*
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism*
  • Escherichia coli / virology*
  • Genome, Viral