Prophylactic, Synthetic Intraperitoneal Mesh Versus No Mesh Implantation in Patients with Fascial Dehiscence

J Gastrointest Surg. 2018 Dec;22(12):2158-2166. doi: 10.1007/s11605-018-3873-z. Epub 2018 Jul 23.


Background: Primary closure of post-operative facial dehiscence (FD) is associated with a high incidence of recurrence, revisional surgery, and incisional hernia. This retrospective study compares outcomes of implantation of non-absorbable intra-abdominal meshes with primary closure of FD. The outcomes of different mesh materials were assessed in subgroup analysis.

Methods: A total of 119 consecutive patients with FD were operated (70 mesh group and 49 no mesh group) between 2001 and 2015. Primary outcome parameter was hernia-free survival. Secondary outcome parameters include re-operations of the abdominal wall, intestinal fistula, surgical site infections (SSI), and mortality. Kaplan-Meier analysis for hernia-free survival, adjusted Poisson regression analysis for re-operations and adjusted regression analysis for chronic SSI was performed.

Results: Hernia-free survival was significantly higher in the mesh group compared to the no mesh group (P = 0.005). Fewer re-operations were necessary in the mesh group compared to the no mesh group (adjusted incidence risk ratio 0.44, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.20-0.93, P = 0.032). No difference in SSI, intestinal fistula, and mortality was observed between groups. Chronic SSI was observed in 7 (10%) patients in the mesh group (n = 3 [6.7%] with polypropylene mesh and 4 [28.6%] with polyester mesh). The risk for chronic SSI was significantly higher if a polyester mesh was used when compared to a polypropylene mesh (adjusted odds ratio 8.69, 95% CI 1.30-58.05, P = 0.026).

Conclusion: Implantation of a polypropylene but not polyester-based mesh in patients with FD decreases incisional hernia with a low rate of mesh-related morbidity.

Keywords: Fascial dehiscence; Non-absorbable mesh; Polyester mesh; Polypropylene mesh.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Female
  • Hernia, Ventral / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Incisional Hernia / surgery*
  • Intestinal Fistula / etiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Odds Ratio
  • Peritoneum / surgery
  • Polyesters / adverse effects
  • Polypropylenes / adverse effects
  • Prosthesis Implantation / instrumentation
  • Prosthesis Implantation / methods*
  • Prosthesis Implantation / mortality
  • Recurrence
  • Reoperation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk
  • Surgical Mesh* / adverse effects
  • Surgical Wound Dehiscence / etiology
  • Surgical Wound Dehiscence / mortality
  • Surgical Wound Dehiscence / surgery*
  • Surgical Wound Infection / etiology
  • Survival Analysis


  • Polyesters
  • Polypropylenes