Intervention for Dysbiosis in Children Born by C-Section

Ann Nutr Metab. 2018:73 Suppl 3:33-39. doi: 10.1159/000490847. Epub 2018 Jul 24.


The symbiotic relationship between microbes and human is fundamental for a physiological development and health. The microbiome of the newborn undergoes to dramatic changes during the process of birth and in the first thousand days of life. Mother Nature provided us with the best possible start to achieve eubiosis: vaginal delivery to receive our mother's microbiome and breast milk that favours the establishment of beneficial bacteria. Infants deprived of one or both of these evolutionary gifts undergo to important modification of the microbial communities leading to a state of dysbiosis enhancing the chance of the emergence of a variety of immune, inflammatory and metabolic disorders. Are we able to imitate nature? Is there any intervention for dysbiosis in children born by cesarean section? In this review we will try to answer to this intriguing question on the basis of the most recent scientific evidences.

Keywords: Cesarean section; Delivery mode; Dysbiosis; Microbiota.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Breast Feeding
  • Cesarean Section / adverse effects*
  • Delivery, Obstetric
  • Dysbiosis / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Microbiome*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Prebiotics / administration & dosage
  • Pregnancy
  • Probiotics / administration & dosage


  • Prebiotics