Changes in Treatment with Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis from the Past to Future in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Contrib Nephrol. 2018:196:200-208. doi: 10.1159/000485723. Epub 2018 Jul 24.


Background: Idiopathic acute-on-chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract is an etiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA) is a nonpharmacological treatment tool for patients with IBD. Here, we present a review of the positioning and possibilities of GMA for patients with IBD.

Summary: GMA decreases inflammatory cytokines and upregulates regulatory T cells. Intensive GMA is significantly more effective than weekly GMA in patients with IBD. The frequency of GMA sessions per week positively correlates with treatment effects. GMA can be safely used in pregnant women and children because of its low adverse event rates. Maintenance therapy and rescue therapy for loss of response of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α antibodies are effective. Optimal patients who responded to combination therapy with infliximab and GMA showed aggravation characteristics against infliximab treatment at week 4. Key Message: Prospective randomized blinded studies using a sham column should be performed for the loss of response against anti-TNF-α antibodies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adsorption
  • Adult
  • Blood Component Removal / adverse effects
  • Blood Component Removal / methods*
  • Child
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Female
  • Granulocytes / cytology*
  • Humans
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / therapy*
  • Infliximab / adverse effects
  • Infliximab / therapeutic use
  • Male
  • Monocytes / cytology*
  • Pregnancy


  • Infliximab