Cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important oilseed crop that is grown extensively in Africa, Asia and America. The diseases early and late leaf spot severely constrains peanut production worldwide. Because multiple genes control resistance to leaf spot diseases, conventional breeding is a time-consuming approach for pyramiding resistance genes into a single genotype. Marker-assisted selection (MAS) would complement and accelerate conventional breeding once molecular markers tightly associated with the resistance genes are identified. In this study, we have generated a large number of SNPs through genotyping by sequencing (GBS) and constructed a high-resolution map with an average distance of 1.34 cM among 2,753 SNP markers distributed on 20 linkage groups. QTL mapping has revealed that major QTL within a confidence interval could provide an efficient way to detect putative resistance genes. Analysis of the interval sequences has indicated that a major QTL for resistance to late leaf spot anchored by two NBS-LRR resistance genes on chromosome B05. Two major QTLs located on chromosomes A03 and B04 were associated with resistance genes for early leaf spot. Sequences within the confidence interval would facilitate identifying resistance genes and applying marker-assisted selection for resistance.
Keywords: Cercospora arachidicola; Cercosporidium personatum; genotyping by sequencing (GBS); quantitative trait locus (QTL); resistance gene; single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP).