Does Nd:YAG Capsulotomy Increase the Risk of Retinal Detachment?

Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila). 2018 Sep-Oct;7(5):339-344. doi: 10.22608/APO.2018275. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Abstract

Laser capsulotomy is accepted as a standard and effective treatment for posterior capsule opacification. It is generally believed that neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) capsulotomy is related to an increased risk of retinal detachment (RD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between Nd:YAG capsulotomy and risk for developing RD. A PubMed and Medline search was conducted using the terms "retinal detachment" and "Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy." Of the articles retrieved by this method, all publications in English and abstracts of non-English publications were reviewed. The literature analysis presented no convincing evidence supporting the association between Nd:YAG capsulotomy and increased risk for developing RD. The existing discrepancy between some studies might be related to inadequate group sizes, short observation period, and co-existing disorders. We also reviewed the possible risk factors for RD after Nd:YAG capsulotomy and found no association with preceding surgical approach, existing posterior vitreous detachment, and intraocular lens design. Myopic patients should be treated with caution, as it cannot be concluded that Nd:YAG capsulotomy does not increase RD rate in this cohort. Treatment energy should be as low as possible, as high energy levels and anterior hyaloid damage might increase the chance for RD development. Cataract surgery itself is a potential RD risk factor, particularly after intraoperative capsule complications.

Keywords: cataract; lasers; posterior capsulotomy; retinal detachment; solid-state Nd:YAG lasers.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Capsule Opacification / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Lasers, Solid-State / adverse effects*
  • Lens Capsule, Crystalline / surgery*
  • Myopia / complications
  • Posterior Capsulotomy / adverse effects*
  • Retinal Detachment / etiology*
  • Risk Factors