Background: To update patterns of care for men diagnosed with prostate cancer in Victoria, Australia between 2008 and 2015.
Methods: From August 2008 to December 2015, 14 025 men diagnosed with prostate cancer were included. These data were obtained from the Prostate Cancer Outcome Registry - Victoria (PCOR-Vic). Frequencies were used to describe hospital and patient characteristics and treatment types. Comparisons were made between previous period of analysis (2008-2011) to the most recent period (2011-2015). Survival analysis using a stepwise Cox proportional hazards regression model was performed.
Results: Mean age of diagnosis was 66.5 years and 44% of patients were diagnosed with Gleason 7 prostate cancer. Majority of notifications (63.6%) were received from a private institution and 70.2% of patients were diagnosed at a metropolitan institution. Most patients (95.3%) were diagnosed with clinically localized disease. Within 12 months of diagnosis, 55.9% of patients with low-risk disease received no active treatment. Radical prostatectomy was the most common primary treatment with curative intent (47%). When comparing of patterns of care between 2008-2011 and 2011-2015, the proportion of patients diagnosed with Gleason 9-10 disease increased, as has the proportion of patients diagnosed with metastatic disease.
Conclusion: With the PCOR-Vic, we were able to identify that increasing number of patients were diagnosed with high-risk and metastatic disease. There has been an overall decrease in radical treatment rates, likely due to active surveillance playing a significant role especially in patients with low-risk prostate cancer.
Keywords: health services research; patterns of care; prostate cancer; registry.
© 2018 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.