Objective: To compare accuracy of detecting high-grade cervical lesions (squamous intraepithelial lesions or greater, HSIL+) by high-risk HPV messenger RNA (hrHPV-RNA) testing between physician- and self-collected specimens, and by conventional cytology.
Methods: The present prospective longitudinal study included data collected among female sex workers (FSWs) in Nairobi, Kenya, between December 2, 2009, and February 15, 2013. Participants self-collected cervico-vaginal specimens for hrHPV-RNA testing, and a physician collected cervical specimens for hrHPV-RNA testing and conventional cytology. hrHPV-RNA testing was conducted every 3 months, and conventional cytology every 6 months.
Results: Overall, 350 FSWs aged 18-50 years participated. hrHPV-RNA prevalence decreased slightly from 29.9% (103/344) at baseline to 24.3% (53/218) at 24 months for physician-collected, and 28.5% (98/344) to 24.3% (53/218) for self-collected specimens. Agreement between the sampling methods appeared to increase over time (baseline κ 0.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.45-0.65; 24 months κ 0.83, 95% CI 0.74-0.91). Among 21 patients with HSIL+ over 24 months, 18 (86%) and 17 (81%) had hrHPV-RNA-positive results at baseline in physician- and self-collected specimens, respectively; and 20 (95%) had baseline hrHPV-RNA-positive results or cytology anomalies.
Conclusion: Overall agreement between physician- and self-collected hrHPV-RNA results was moderate and appeared to increase over time. Baseline physician- and self-collected hrHPV-RNA tests were similarly strong indicators of cumulative HSIL+ over 24 months.
Keywords: Cohort; Cytology; Female sex workers; HPV screening; High-risk women; Kenya; Self-collection.
© 2018 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics.