Investigating the Effect of Mindfulness-Based Training on Psychological Status and Quality of Life in Patients with Breast Cancer

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2018 Jul 27;19(7):1993-1998. doi: 10.22034/APJCP.2018.19.7.1993.


Cancer poses substantial challenges to both physical and mental health of patients. On the other hand, breast cancer is one of the most common cancers among Iranian women. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the effect of mindfulness-based training on psychological status and quality of life (QoL) of patients with breast cancer living in Ilam, Iran. This quasi-experimental study was performed on 66 patients diagnosed with breast cancer. The patients assigned into two groups of experimental and control. Experimental group received mindfulness-based group training through eight 90-min sessions. Sessions were conducted twice a week and were completed within 1 month. The research tools included a QoL questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF), Schneider’s life expectancy questionnaire, and the depression anxiety stress scale (DASS-21). The questionnaires were completed before and during the interviews with the patients 2 months after intervention. Data were analyzed using SPSS (version 16) and running descriptive and analytical statistics. Before the intervention, there was no significant difference between he experimental and control groups considering QoL, life expectancy, depression, anxiety, and stress (p>0.05). However, after the intervention, the patients in the experimental group reported higher QoL and life expectancy and less severe depression, anxiety, and stress (p < 0.05). Considering the positive effect of mindfulness-based training on the psychological status and QoL of patients with breast cancer, we recommend health nurses conduct mindfulness-based training for patients receiving clinical care services.

Keywords: Cancer; Mindfulness; based training; quality of life; psychological problems.

MeSH terms

  • Anxiety Disorders / prevention & control*
  • Breast Neoplasms / psychology
  • Breast Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Depressive Disorder / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Iran / epidemiology
  • Mental Health
  • Middle Aged
  • Mindfulness*
  • Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Prognosis
  • Quality of Life*
  • Stress, Psychological*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires