Perfluorinated compounds in food simulants after migration from fluorocarbon resin-coated frying pans, baking utensils, and non-stick baking papers on the Korean market

Food Addit Contam Part B Surveill. 2018 Dec;11(4):264-272. doi: 10.1080/19393210.2018.1499677. Epub 2018 Aug 10.


Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are used in manufacturing food contact materials, including non-stick cookware coatings and oil- and moisture-resistant paper coatings. The chemical stability of PFCs poses an issue for human safety, as they do not degrade well naturally and hence may accumulate in the body. In terms of food safety, since dietary intake is thought to be a major source of exposure to PFCs, it is necessary to assess the migration of PFCs from food packaging articles to food under typical cooking and storage conditions. An analytical method was developed for assessing the migration of 16 PFCs from food contact materials to food simulants using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The applicability of the method for regular inspection was assessed by monitoring 312 samples. Based on the results of the exposure assessment, all food contact materials deemed to be safe for use, which evaluated migrated concentrations and dietary food intake.

Keywords: PFOA; PFOS; Perfluorinated compound; consumption factor; exposure assessment; food contact material; food-type distribution factor; migration.

MeSH terms

  • Chromatography, Liquid
  • Cooking and Eating Utensils*
  • Cooking*
  • Diet*
  • Environmental Exposure / analysis*
  • Fluorocarbon Polymers / chemistry*
  • Fluorocarbons / analysis*
  • Food Contamination / analysis*
  • Food Packaging
  • Food Storage
  • Humans
  • Republic of Korea
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry


  • Fluorocarbon Polymers
  • Fluorocarbons