Assessment of Dermal Absorption of Aluminum From a Representative Antiperspirant Formulation Using a 26 Al Microtracer Approach

Clin Transl Sci. 2018 Nov;11(6):573-581. doi: 10.1111/cts.12579. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Abstract

A clinical pharmacokinetic study was performed in 12 healthy women to evaluate systemic exposure to aluminum following topical application of a representative antiperspirant formulation under real-life use conditions. A simple roll-on formulation containing an extremely rare isotope of aluminum (26 Al) chlorohydrate (ACH) was prepared to commercial specifications. A 26 Al radio-microtracer was used to distinguish dosed aluminum from natural background, using accelerated mass spectroscopy. The 26 Al citrate was administered intravenously (i.v.) to estimate fraction absorbed (Fabs ) following topical delivery. In blood samples after i.v. administration, 26 Al was readily detected (mean area under the curve (AUC) = 1,273 ± 466 hours×fg/mL). Conversely, all blood samples following topical application were below the lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ; 0.12 fg/mL), except two samples (0.13 and 0.14 fg/mL); a maximal AUC was based on LLOQs. The aluminum was above the LLOQ (61 ag/mL) in 31% of urine samples. From the urinary excretion data, a conservative estimated range for dermal Fabs of 0.002-0.06% was calculated, with a mean estimate of 0.0094%.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Cutaneous
  • Administration, Intravenous
  • Adult
  • Aluminum / administration & dosage
  • Aluminum / adverse effects
  • Aluminum / pharmacokinetics*
  • Antiperspirants / adverse effects*
  • Antiperspirants / chemistry
  • Area Under Curve
  • Consumer Product Safety
  • Female
  • Healthy Volunteers
  • Humans
  • Paresthesia / chemically induced
  • Paresthesia / epidemiology
  • Pruritus / chemically induced
  • Pruritus / epidemiology
  • Radioisotopes / administration & dosage
  • Radioisotopes / adverse effects
  • Radioisotopes / pharmacokinetics*
  • Renal Elimination
  • Skin Absorption*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Aluminum-26
  • Antiperspirants
  • Radioisotopes
  • Aluminum