Understanding the evolutionary consequences of human-mediated introductions of domesticated strains into the wild and their subsequent admixture with natural populations is of major concern in conservation biology. However, the genomic impacts of stocking from distinct sources (locally derived vs. divergent) on the genetic integrity of wild populations remain poorly understood. We designed an approach based on estimating local ancestry along individual chromosomes to provide a detailed picture of genomic admixture in supplemented populations. We used this approach to document admixture consequences in the brown trout Salmo trutta, for which decades of stocking practices have profoundly impacted the genetic make-up of wild populations. In southern France, small local Mediterranean populations have been subject to successive introductions of domestic strains derived from the Atlantic and Mediterranean lineages. To address the impact of stocking, we evaluate the extent of admixture from both domestic strains within populations, using 75,684 mapped SNPs obtained from double-digested restriction site-associated DNA sequencing. Then, the chromosomal ancestry profiles of admixed individuals reveal a wider diversity of hybrid and introgressed genotypes than estimated using classical methods for inferring ancestry and hybrid pedigrees. In addition, the length distribution of introgressed tracts retained different timings of introgression between the two domestic strains. We finally reveal opposite consequences of admixture on the level of polymorphism of the recipient populations between domestic strains. Our study illustrates the potential of using the information contained in the genomic mosaic of ancestry tracts in combination with classical methods based on allele frequencies for analysing multiple-way admixture with population genomic data.
Keywords: Salmo trutta; hybridization; introgression; local ancestry inference; stocking practices.
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.