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. Sep-Oct 2018;18(7):728-732.
doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2018.07.006. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Performance of International Medical Graduates in Pediatric Residency: A Study of Peer and Faculty Perceptions

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Performance of International Medical Graduates in Pediatric Residency: A Study of Peer and Faculty Perceptions

Andres Jimenez-Gomez et al. Acad Pediatr. .

Abstract

Background: International medical graduates (IMGs) constitute approximately 25% of the US pediatric workforce. Their recruitment into US residency training raises concerns regarding their competence, although this has not been formally studied. Cincinnati Children's Hospital has systematically recruited IMGs over the past 16 years. This study evaluates perceptions of IMG performance by faculty and US graduate (USG) peers.

Methods: We surveyed IMG, USG, and faculty groups, including current and former trainees, assessing perceived IMG performance compared with that of USGs in terms of clinical knowledge/skills, resource utilization, communication, public health knowledge and efficiency, and overall impact on the program.

Results: Overall perceived performance was within 1 standard deviation of expected USG performance. IMGs outperformed USGs in clinical knowledge/skills and resource utilization but underperformed in communication, public health knowledge, and efficiency. Significant differences were noted in communication with patients and public health knowledge; IMGs ranked their performance significantly lower than USGs/faculty ranked their performance. Overall impact was perceived positively, including an increased interest in global health in among USGs.

Conclusions: Carefully recruited IMGs are perceived to perform nearly equal to their USG peers, and their presence is perceived as positive to a major pediatric residency program. Specific domains for educational interventions are identified for programs wishing to expand IMG recruitment.

Keywords: Global health; Graduate medical education; International medical graduates; Residency training.

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