Removal forces of adhesively and self-adhesively luted implant-supported zirconia copings depend on abutment geometry

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2018 Nov:87:119-123. doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.07.028. Epub 2018 Jul 19.


This in vitro study evaluated the effects of different abutment axial heights on the retentiveness of adhesively and self-adhesively luted zirconia copings. Ankylos implants were embedded in resin blocks. Two groups of titanium abutments ("long", height: 6.79 mm, taper: 4.8°; "short", height: 4.31 mm, taper: 4.8°; Compartis-ISUS, DeguDent) were used for the luting of CAD/CAM-fabricated zirconia copings (Compartis, DeguDent) with an adhesive (Multilink Automix; Ivoclar Vivadent) and a self-adhesive (RelyX Unicem; 3M ESPE) composite. After water storage and 5000 thermocycles (5 °C/55 °C), retention forces were evaluated using a universal testing machine (Zwick). Significant differences were determined via two-way ANOVA and t-tests with Bonferroni-Holm correction. Significant interactions between abutment geometry and luting agents were observed. RelyX Unicem showed the highest levels of retentiveness, irrespective of the varying abutment geometries (mean values long/short: 487.7 N/447.9 N). When Multilink Automix was used, removal forces were significantly lower (311.7 N/101.1 N) and negatively affected by the use of the shorter abutments. Customized long abutments supported better retention forces than customized short abutments for both luting agents.

Keywords: Abutment height; Adhesive cementation; Implants; Retention force; Single crown.

MeSH terms

  • Adhesives*
  • Dental Abutments*
  • Materials Testing
  • Mechanical Phenomena*
  • Zirconium*


  • Adhesives
  • Zirconium
  • zirconium oxide