Tumour-stroma ratio and prognosis in gastric adenocarcinoma

Br J Cancer. 2018 Aug;119(4):435-439. doi: 10.1038/s41416-018-0202-y. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Abstract

Background: Tumour microenvironment, including tumour-stroma ratio (TSR), might help identifying high-risk cancer patients. However, the significance of TSR in gastric cancer is unclear, especially in the intestinal and diffuse subtypes. The aim of this study was to investigate the tumour-stroma ratio in gastric adenocarcinoma, and its intestinal and diffuse histological subtypes, in relation to prognosis.

Methods: Five hundred and eighty-three gastric adenocarcinoma patients who underwent surgery in Oulu University hospital during years 1983-2016 were included in this retrospective cohort study. TSR was analysed from the slides that were originally used for diagnostic purposes. Patients were divided into stroma-poor (≤50% stroma) and stroma-rich (>50% stroma) groups and TSR was analysed in relation to 5-year mortality and overall mortality.

Results: Patients with stroma-rich tumours had worse 5-year prognosis (HR 1.80, 95% CI 1.41-2.28) compared to stroma-poor tumours. Stratified analysis showed that stroma-rich tumours had worse 5-year prognosis in both intestinal (HR 1.68, 95% CI 1.24-2.27) and diffuse histological types (HR 2.09, 95% CI 1.35-3.23) compared to stroma-poor tumours, respectively.

Conclusions: High proportion of stroma is an independent prognostic factor in both intestinal and diffuse histological subtypes of gastric adenocarcinoma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / mortality*
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology
  • Adenocarcinoma / surgery*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mortality
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stomach Neoplasms / mortality*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Stromal Cells / cytology
  • Survival Analysis
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Tumor Microenvironment