Background: Treatment of GT3 remains challenging compared to other genotypes.
Aims: To explore real life SVR rates and to identify predictors of virological failure across the most recently used Direct acting antiviral (DAA) regimens in a large cohort of Italian patients with cirrhosis or advanced fibrosis (F3 or F4).
Methods: Between May 2015 and June 2017, the combinations of sofosbuvir (SOF) plus daclatasvir (DCV) ± RBV and SOF plus velpatasvir (VEL) ± RBV become available in our Country. Patients were treated following Italian guidelines within a protocol implemented by 11 centers working together on genetics.
Results: Of 336 patients, 38.1% were Peg/IFN-experienced. SOF/DCV was used in 65.1%, SOF/VEL in the remaining. Overall SVR12 was 90.2% ranging from 87.2% after SOF/DCV to 95.7% after SOF/VEL (p = 0.012). No additional benefits of RBV use were observed for both regimens. 155 patients (46.1%) had cirrhosis. SVR12 was 87.1% (135/155) for cirrhotic patients and 92.8% (169/182) for non-cirrhotic (p = 0.09). NS5A-RASs were present at baseline in 6.4% of patients, PNPLA3GG and IL28BCC genotypes in 7.3% and 33.0%, respectively. No association between favorable genetics and SVR12 was observed. Predictors of relapse were: history of Peg/IFN/RBV failure (OR = 6.34, 95% CI 2.04-19.66, P = .001), baseline NS5A-RASs (OR = 8.7, 95% CI 1.58-47.92, P = 0.013) and treatment regimen (OR = 5.57 95% CI 1.64-18.95.96, P = 0.006).
Conclusions: Our real-world results validate the efficacy of current GT3 IFN-free regimens suggesting that, among patients with severe disease, Peg/IFN/RBV experience and NS5A associated RASs are predictors of relapse. Their relevance can be expected to decline with the use of SOF/VEL. (250).