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Multicenter Study
, 28 (12), 3834-3842

Failed Sleeve Gastrectomy: Single Anastomosis Duodenoileal Bypass or Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass? A Multicenter Cohort Study

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Multicenter Study

Failed Sleeve Gastrectomy: Single Anastomosis Duodenoileal Bypass or Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass? A Multicenter Cohort Study

Phillip J Dijkhorst et al. Obes Surg.

Abstract

Background: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become the most performed bariatric procedure to induce weight loss worldwide. Unfortunately, a significant portion of patients show insufficient weight loss or weight regain after a few years.

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of the single anastomosis duodenoileal (SADI) bypass versus the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on health outcomes in morbid obese patients who had undergone SG previously, with up to 2 years of follow-up.

Methods: From 2007 to 2017, 140 patients received revisional laparoscopic surgery after SG in four specialized Dutch bariatric hospitals. Data was analyzed retrospectively and included comparisons for indication of surgery, vitamin/mineral deficiencies, and complications; divided into short-, medium-term. To compare weight loss, linear regression and linear mixed models were used.

Results: Conversion of a SG to SADI was performed in 66 patients and to RYGB in 74 patients. For patients in which additional weight loss was the main indication for surgery, SADI achieved 8.7%, 12.4%, and 19.4% more total body weight loss at 6, 12, and 24 months compared to RYGB (all p < .001). When a RYGB was indicated in case of gastroesophageal reflux or dysphagia, it greatly reduced complaints almost directly after surgery. Furthermore, a similar amount of complications and nutritional deficiencies was observed for both groups. There was no intra- or post-operative mortality.

Conclusion: Conversion into a SADI resulted in significantly more weight loss while complications rates and nutritional deficiencies were similar and may therefore be considered the recommended operation for patients in which only additional weight loss is required.

Keywords: Bariatric surgery; Gastric bypass; Morbid obesity; RYGB, duodenoileal bypass; SADI; SG; Sleeve gastrectomy; Weight loss.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Figures

Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Number of patients included per clinic and division for type of surgery; SADI single anastomosis duodenoileal bypass, RYGB Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, SG sleeve gastrectomy
Fig. 2
Fig. 2
Average percentage total body weight loss after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and revision to single anastomosis duodenoileal (SADI) bypass or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB); SG sleeve gastrectomy, *Maximum %TBWL obtained after sleeve gastrectomy and before revisional surgery

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