Imaging and Management of Thoracic Trauma

Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2018 Aug;39(4):347-354. doi: 10.1053/j.sult.2018.03.006. Epub 2018 Mar 26.


Thoracic injury results from penetrating and blunt trauma and is a major contributor to overall trauma morbidity and mortality in the United States. Modern imaging algorithms utilize ultrasound, chest radiograph, and computed tomography with intravenous contrast to accurately diagnose and effectively treat patients with acute thoracic trauma. This review focuses on the etiologies, signs and symptoms, imaging, and management of several life-threatening thoracic injuries including tracheobronchial rupture, pulmonary parenchymal injury, hemothorax, pneumothorax, diaphragmatic rupture, and axial skeleton injury.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnostic Imaging / methods*
  • Humans
  • Thoracic Injuries / diagnostic imaging*
  • Thoracic Injuries / therapy*