The 2B5 region of the X-chromosome in Drosophila melanogaster plays a developmentally important role in the ecdysterone-triggered response of the late third instar salivary gland. Using a combination of transposon-tagging and chromosomal walking techniques, we have isolated 231 kb of contiguous genomic DNA sequences corresponding to this region. We have more precisely aligned this DNA to the 2B1,2 to 2B5-6 interval of the cytogenetic map by locating the position of three well-characterized chromosomal breakpoints by in situ hybridization and genomic DNA blotting experiments. Labeled cDNA, synthesized from poly(A)+ RNA isolated from hormone-induced salivary gland and imaginal disc tissues and hybridized to the cloned DNA, demonstrated that the ecdysterone-inducible sequences mapped to DNA segments corresponding to the 2B3,4 to 2B5-6 interval. Although some of these sequences were inducible in only one tissue type, many were found to be inducible in both salivary glands and imaginal discs. RNA blotting experiments have detected a major 4.5-kb RNA which is hormone inducible in the larval salivary gland and whose quantitative induction is not inhibited by cycloheximide. Thus, the 4.5-kb RNA represents at least one product from the ecdysterone-responsive 2B5 "early' puff.