Epidemiology of Brain Tumors

Neurol Clin. 2018 Aug;36(3):395-419. doi: 10.1016/j.ncl.2018.04.001. Epub 2018 Jun 15.


Incidence, prevalence, and survival for brain tumors varies by histologic type, age at diagnosis, sex, and race/ethnicity. Significant progress has been made in identifying potential risk factors for brain tumors, although more research is warranted. The strongest risk factors that have been identified thus far include allergies/atopic disease, ionizing radiation, and heritable genetic factors. Further analysis of large, multicenter, epidemiologic studies, as well as well annotated omic datasets (including genomic, epigenomic, transcriptomic, proteomic, or metabolomics data) can potentially lead to further understanding of the relationship between gene and environment in the process of brain tumor development.

Keywords: Brain tumors; Epidemiology; Incidence; Population based; Survival.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Incidence