The large myelinated club endings (LMCEs) of primary eighth nerve afferents form mixed synapses on the lateral dendrite of the giant Mauthner cell. The double replica freeze-fracture technique was employed to examine the intramembrane fine structure of these LMCE synapses. Morphological correlates of both chemical and electrical transmission were found at the LMCE synapses. Electrical synaptic junctions, or gap junctions, were located over much (10-20%) of the synaptic contact. These were seen in both pre-and postsynaptic membrane as tightly packed P face particle aggregates and corresponding aggregates of E face pits. Specializations characteristic of chemical synaptic junctions were most prominent at the periphery of the synaptic contact. These specializations consisted of postsynaptic E face particle aggregates which were subjacent to presynaptic active zones. The active zones were distinguishable as regions with an increased density of large particles and vesicle attachment sites represented by P face depressions and E face protuberances. Quantitative analysis of gap junction particle (connexon) number at five LMCEs revealed 24,000-106,000 connexons per LMCE. Comparison with data from electrophysiological studies of single LMCEs indicates that only a small fraction of the connexon channels are open at any given time during electrotonic transmission at an LMCE synapse.