[Meningoradiculitis caused by a spirochete (Borrelia burgdorferi) after arthropod bite]

Rev Neurol (Paris). 1985;141(12):780-5.
[Article in French]


Eight cases of meningoradiculitis (Garin-Bujadoux-Bannwarth's syndrome) are presented; the first case followed an "unidentified insect" bite and erythema chronicum migrans, whereas the second and third cases were not preceded by any documented insect bite or erythema; they occurred during summer in 1984 and 1985 and were characterized by cranial or radicular neuritis, lymphocytic meningitis, positive serology by immunofluorescence against Borrelia Burgdorferi and a good response to Penicillin (20 000 000 U during 14 days I.V.). Five other cases were observed in the same area as the first and second cases (Walloon Brabant) during the preceding summers; in two, serological proof of Borrelia Burgdorferi infection was obtained retrospectively. Lyme disease and Garin-Bujadoux-Bannwarth syndrome are both tick-born spirochetosis, due to two slightly different subtypes of Borrelia Burgdorferi. Their early neurological manifestations differ mainly by focalised pain on the bitten region in Garin-Bujadoux-Bannwarth's syndromes. This could be due to direct aggression of the peripheral nerve in Garin-Bujadoux-Bannwarth syndrome.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Bacterial / analysis
  • Arthropods
  • Bites and Stings / complications*
  • Borrelia / immunology
  • Borrelia Infections* / diagnosis
  • Borrelia Infections* / drug therapy
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lyme Disease / diagnosis
  • Meningitis / etiology*
  • Meningitis, Aseptic / cerebrospinal fluid
  • Meningitis, Aseptic / etiology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Penicillin G / therapeutic use
  • Peripheral Nervous System Diseases / etiology
  • Radiculopathy / etiology*
  • Tetracycline / therapeutic use
  • Ticks*


  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • Tetracycline
  • Penicillin G