Breast augmentation with implants is one of the most commonly performed plastic surgery procedures. The goal of the operation is to increase the size, shape or fullness of the breast. It is accomplished by placing silicone, saline or alternative composite breast implants under the chest muscles, fascia or the mammary gland. This type of operation is no exception concerning the occurrence of complications. The most common early complications include an infectious process, a seroma, and a hematoma, and the late ones are capsular contracture, reoperation, implant removal, breast asymmetry, and rupture or deflation of the implant. The authors present a case of subacute arterial bleeding after simultaneous mastopexy and breast augmentation with silicone implants in a 27-year-old woman. The patient complained of worsening swelling and soreness in the right breast. The patient denied having had any traumas. Ultrasonography indicated 2.5 cm heterogeneous fluid sections around the implant. Therefore, revision surgery was performed, and a hematoma of 650 mL was removed. Hemorrhaging from a branch of an internal mammary artery was found. After the revision, the implant was returned to the lodge. The postoperative period was uneventful. This case report presents a description of a subacute hematoma after simultaneous mastopexy and breast augmentation with silicone implants, which is an extremely rare complication in esthetic surgery.
Keywords: Breast augmentation; Complication; Esthetic; Breast; Hematoma.