Purpose: Cell fate determinants Scrib and Llgl1 influence self-renewal capacity of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Scrib-deficient HSCs are functionally impaired and lack sufficient repopulation capacity during serial transplantation and stress. In contrast, loss of Llgl1 leads to increased HSC fitness, gain of self-renewal capacity and expansion of the stem cell pool. Here, we sought to assess for shared and unique molecular functions of Llgl1 and Scrib by analyzing their interactome in hematopoietic cells.
Methods: Interactome analysis was performed by affinity purification followed by mass spectrometry. Motility, migration and adhesion were assessed on primary murine HSCs, which were isolated by FACS sorting following conditional deletion of Scrib or Llgl1, respectively. Imaging of Scrib-deficient HSCs was performed by intravital 2-photon microscopy.
Results: Comparison of Scrib and Llgl1 interactome analyses revealed involvement in common and unique cellular functions. Migration and adhesion were among the cellular functions connected to Scrib but not to Llgl1. Functional validation of these findings confirmed alterations in cell adhesion and migration of Scrib-deficient HSCs in vitro and in vivo. In contrast, genetic inactivation of Llgl1 did not affect adhesion or migratory capacity of hematopoietic stem cells.
Conclusion: Our data provide first evidence for an evolutionarily conserved role of the cell fate determinant Scrib in HSC adhesion and migration in vitro and in vivo, a unique function that is not shared with its putative complex partner Llgl1.
Keywords: Adhesion; Cell fate determinants; HSC; Hematopoietic stem cells; Llgl1; Migration; Polarity; Scribble.