Gifted Students

Annu Rev Psychol. 2019 Jan 4:70:551-576. doi: 10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102846. Epub 2018 Aug 8.


Gifted students are individuals who are recognized for performance that is superior to that of their peers. Although giftedness is typically associated with schooling, gifted individuals exist across academic and nonacademic domains. In this review, we begin by acknowledging some of the larger debates in the field of gifted education and provide brief summaries of major conceptual frameworks applied to gifted education, dividing them into three categories: frameworks focused on ability, frameworks focused on talent development, and integrative frameworks. We then discuss common practices used to identify gifted students, giving specific attention to the identification of those in underrepresented groups, followed by brief overviews of the numbers of students who are classified as gifted, programming options for gifted students, and social and emotional issues associated with being gifted. We conclude with a discussion of several unresolved issues in the field.

Keywords: eminence; expertise; giftedness; outstanding achievement; talent development.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Academic Success*
  • Adolescent
  • Aptitude*
  • Child
  • Child, Gifted*
  • Curriculum*
  • Human Development*
  • Humans
  • Intelligence*
  • Students*