Genomics in neurodevelopmental disorders: an avenue to personalized medicine

Exp Mol Med. 2018 Aug 7;50(8):1-7. doi: 10.1038/s12276-018-0129-7.


Despite the remarkable number of scientific breakthroughs of the last 100 years, the treatment of neurodevelopmental disorders (e.g., autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability) remains a great challenge. Recent advancements in genomics, such as whole-exome or whole-genome sequencing, have enabled scientists to identify numerous mutations underlying neurodevelopmental disorders. Given the few hundred risk genes that have been discovered, the etiological variability and the heterogeneous clinical presentation, the need for genotype-along with phenotype-based diagnosis of individual patients has become a requisite. In this review we look at recent advancements in genomic analysis and their translation into clinical practice.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomedical Research
  • Genomics*
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders / genetics*
  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders / therapy*
  • Precision Medicine*