The use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) with activity against ALK, ROS1, or TRKA-C can result in significant clinical benefit in patients with diverse tumors harboring ALK, ROS1, or NTRK1-3 rearrangements; however, resistance invariably develops. The emergence of on-target kinase domain mutations represents a major mechanism of acquired resistance. Solvent-front substitutions such as ALKG1202R, ROS1G2032R or ROS1D2033N, TRKAG595R, and TRKCG623R are among the most recalcitrant of these mechanisms. Repotrectinib (TPX-0005) is a rationally designed, low-molecular-weight, macrocyclic TKI that is selective and highly potent against ROS1, TRKA-C, and ALK. Importantly, repotrectinib exhibits activity against a variety of solvent-front substitutions in vitro and in vivo As clinical proof of concept, in an ongoing first-in-human phase I/II trial, repotrectinib achieved confirmed responses in patients with ROS1 or NTRK3 fusion-positive cancers who had relapsed on earlier-generation TKIs due to ROS1 or TRKC solvent-front substitution-mediated resistance.Significance: Repotrectinib (TPX-0005), a next-generation ROS1, pan-TRK, and ALK TKI, overcomes resistance due to acquired solvent-front mutations involving ROS1, NTRK1-3, and ALK Repotrectinib may represent an effective therapeutic option for patients with ROS1-, NTRK1-3-, or ALK-rearranged malignancies who have progressed on earlier-generation TKIs. Cancer Discov; 8(10); 1227-36. ©2018 AACR. This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 1195.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03093116.
©2018 American Association for Cancer Research.