Immunosuppressive/Autoimmune Disorders

Nurs Clin North Am. 2018 Sep;53(3):319-334. doi: 10.1016/j.cnur.2018.04.002.

Abstract

Autoimmune disorders are a category of diseases in which the immune system attacks healthy cells as a result of a dysfunction of the acquired immune system. Clinical presentation and diagnosis are disease specific and often correspond with the degree of inflammation, as well as the systems involved. Treatment varies based on the specific disease, its stage of presentation, and patient symptoms. The primary goal of treatment is to decrease inflammation, minimize symptoms, and lessen the potential for relapse. Graves disease, Hashimoto thyroiditis, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and multiple sclerosis are discussed in this article.

Keywords: Autoimmune disorders; Crohn disease; Graves disease; Hashimoto thyroiditis; Inflammatory bowel disease; Multiple sclerosis; Systemic lupus erythematosus; Ulcerative colitis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Autoimmune Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Autoimmune Diseases / nursing
  • Autoimmune Diseases / therapy
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / diagnosis
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / nursing
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / therapy
  • Crohn Disease / diagnosis
  • Crohn Disease / nursing
  • Crohn Disease / therapy
  • Graves Disease / diagnosis
  • Graves Disease / nursing
  • Graves Disease / therapy
  • Hashimoto Disease / diagnosis
  • Hashimoto Disease / nursing
  • Hashimoto Disease / therapy
  • Humans
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / diagnosis
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / nursing
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / therapy
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / diagnosis
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / nursing
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / therapy
  • Multiple Sclerosis / diagnosis
  • Multiple Sclerosis / nursing
  • Multiple Sclerosis / therapy