Effects of Mat Pilates on hip and knee isokinetic torque parameters in elderly women

J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2018 Jul;22(3):798-804. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.08.006. Epub 2017 Aug 22.

Abstract

This study aimed to analyze the effects of Mat Pilates on isokinetic torque of the lower limbs in elderly women. Fourteen elderly women (Age 62 ± 3 yr) participated in 12 weeks of Mat Pilates training (60-min sessions, 3 times per week). Repetitions increased every 4 weeks and the difficulty of exercises progressed from beginner to intermediate and advanced. Peak torque was assessed before (week -4 and week 0, considered as a control period) and after 6 and 12 weeks of a periodized Mat Pilates intervention. The results showed significant improvements (p < 0.05) in concentric and eccentric peak torque of knee flexors muscles, hip flexor and extensor muscles after 12 weeks. Mechanical work showed significant improvement (p < 0.05) for knee extensor muscles during eccentric contractions after week 12, for hip extensor muscles during concentric contractions week 12, and for flexor muscles during concentric and eccentric contractions after week 12. We conclude that the periodization of Mat Pilates induced significant improvements in multiple isokinetic torque parameters.

Keywords: Aging; Isokinetic assessments; Muscle contractions; Physical activity.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Exercise Movement Techniques / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint / physiology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Strength / physiology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
  • Torque*
  • Women's Health