The role of co-transported sodium in the effect of indirectly acting sympathomimetic amines

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1986 Feb;332(2):135-41. doi: 10.1007/BF00511403.


The adrenergic nerve endings of vasa deferentia of either untreated or reserpine (R) and/or pargyline (P) pretreated rats were loaded with 3H-noradrenaline; COMT was inhibited by U-0521 (U). After 100 min of wash-out with Ca2+-free solution, the efflux of tritium (and of 3H-noradrenaline) from the tissue was largely of neuronal origin and remained constant with time (when expressed as fractional rate of loss; FRL). After 110 min of wash-out the effect of inhibition of the Na+,K+-ATPase (by low K+ or ouabain) on basal and on sympathomimetic amine-induced efflux of tritium (or 3H-noradrenaline, under the condition U) was studied in paired experiments. Inhibition of the Na+,K+-ATPase caused a time-dependent increase in the efflux of tritium (or 3H-noradrenaline) which was inhibited by desipramine. Inhibition of the Na+,K+-ATPase also caused a time-dependent reduction of the initial rate of neuronal uptake of 3H-noradrenaline. The effectiveness of the sympathomimetic amines tyramine and amphetamine in inducing "release" (i.e., outward-transport) of noradrenaline depended on the experimental condition: it was most pronounced under the condition RPU, followed by the condition PU and lowest under the condition U (i.e., in tissue of untreated rats). Inhibition of the Na+,K+-ATPase caused an early and transient enhancement of the "release" of noradrenaline induced by tyramine or amphetamine. This enhancement was seen already within the first min after inhibition of the ATPase, i.e., before a pronounced inhibition of uptake (of noradrenaline) and before a pronounced increase of the basal efflux was observed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Amphetamine / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Biological Transport
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Male
  • Methoxyhydroxyphenylglycol / analogs & derivatives
  • Methoxyhydroxyphenylglycol / pharmacology
  • Neurons / drug effects
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Norepinephrine / metabolism
  • Ouabain / pharmacology
  • Potassium / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Sodium / metabolism*
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Sympathomimetics / pharmacology*
  • Tritium / metabolism
  • Tyramine / pharmacology


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Sympathomimetics
  • Tritium
  • Methoxyhydroxyphenylglycol
  • Ouabain
  • Sodium
  • Amphetamine
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase
  • Potassium
  • 3,4-dihydroxyphenylglycol
  • Norepinephrine
  • Tyramine