Pyrolysis, one of the most promising thermal conversion technologies for biomass conversion, can decompose biomass into solid bio-char, liquid bio-oil, and combustible gas to meet different energy needs. However, pyrolysis efficiency and product quality are not as good as expected when raw biomass is used owing to the properties of raw biomass (e.g., high moisture, oxygen, and alkali metal contents). Torrefaction is an emerging biomass pretreatment technology that can improve the physical and chemical properties of raw biomass, and pyrolysis efficiency and final product quality can therefore be improved by using torrefied biomass. We review several advantages of pyrolysis of torrefied biomass in terms of the conversion process and final product quality.
Keywords: biomass; biomass pretreatment; catalytic pyrolysis; pyrolysis; torrefaction.
Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Ltd.