22q11.2 Microduplication: An Enigmatic Genetic Disorder

J Pediatr Genet. 2018 Sep;7(3):138-142. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1655754. Epub 2018 May 18.


Microduplication of 22q11.2 involves having an extra copy at position q11.2 on chromosome 22. Very few cases have been reported but the real incidence may be higher as the absence of obvious clinical signs makes diagnosis difficult. In the cases that are diagnosed, the phenotype is extremely variable. We describe a case of severe micrognathia, cleft palate, and Pierre-Robin sequence. A prenatal ultrasound showed severe micrognathia and subsequent microarray done on amniocentesis revealed the microduplication of 22q11.2, which was confirmed postnatally. Although micrognathia has often been detected in this microduplication, the constellation of these findings has not been previously described.

Keywords: 22q11.2 microdeletion; 22q11.2 microduplication; Pierre-Robin sequence; cleft palate; micrognathia.

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  • Case Reports

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