An early start of West Nile virus seasonal transmission: the added value of One Heath surveillance in detecting early circulation and triggering timely response in Italy, June to July 2018

Euro Surveill. 2018 Aug;23(32):1800427. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2018.23.32.1800427.


In Italy, the 2018 West Nile virus transmission season started early with a high number of cases reported. One-Health surveillance, within the Italian West Nile national preparedness and response plan, detected viral circulation 9 days before symptom-onset of the first confirmed human case; triggering timely implementation of blood and transplant safety measures. This is an example of how functional coordination allows health authorities to use early warning triggers from surveillance systems to implement preventive measures.

Keywords: One Health surveillance; West Nile Virus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Culicidae / virology*
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Humans
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Population Surveillance*
  • Seasons
  • West Nile Fever / diagnosis*
  • West Nile Fever / epidemiology
  • West Nile Fever / transmission*
  • West Nile virus / isolation & purification*